The Holy Gate

The opening of the Holy Gate marks the beginning of the Jubilee and is the best-known rite and the most exciting one. The beginning of the Jubilee is marked by the opening of St. Peter’s Basilica Holy Gate, then the other Holy Gates are opened. The Holy Gates remain opened during the whole Jubilee Year.

St. Peter’s Basilica

St. Peter’s Basilica is the site of the main expressions of the Catholic worship and, on occasion of the papal celebrations is engaged in a solemn ceremony. It is the biggest among the four patriarchal basilicas in Rome. Among the beauties that are found inside St. Peter’s Basilica, it’s compulsory to mention Michelangelo’s “Pieta”, the Chair of Saint Peter (Cathedra Petri), Pope Innocenzo VIII’s tomb in gilded bronze, Canova’s monument to Pope Clement XIII and the canopy above the papal altar. The visit to the Basilica is free, but if you want to get to know better its history and details, it is highly recommended to have a guided visit.

St. Paul outside the walls Basilica

St. Paul Outside the Walls Basilica was built where, according to the tradition, the apostle Paul was martyred and beheaded (Abbazia delle Tre Fontane). It is also known as Basilica Ostiense, due to the name of the quarter where it is found. In the year 1823, it was severely damaged by a fire, but fortunately the marble canopy under which St. Paul is buried was left untouched.

St. John in Lateran Basilica

St. John in Lateran Basilica is also well-known as Archibasilica because it’s the most important among the four patriarchal basilicas in Rome. It is the Cathedral of the diocese of Rome, the most ancient and the most important Western Basilica. St. John in Lateran Basilica is still of great importance, in fact the Pope celebrates there the liturgies of the Holy Thursday.

St. Mary Major Basilica

St. Mary Major Basilica is the only Basilica in Rome to have kept its original early Christian structure, which was later embellished. This is why this Basilica shows different architectural styles, from early Christian to Baroque. It is also known as “Basilica Liberiana” due to the fact that originally, it was thought that it was built on an ancient religious building which had been erected by Pope Liberius.